Education Northwest

Region Map

The land and water area in Equity Assistance Center Region X equals 16.1 million square miles or approximately 10 percent of the earth's total surface and covers nine time zones.

Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI)

The RMI became a sovereign nation in 1986 and entered into a formal strategic and economic pact, the Compact of Free Association, with the United States. Under the compact, the United States retains exclusive access to the RMI’s territorial waters and ground facilities for civilian as well as military objectives in return for economic and financial aid, the defense of the RMI, and the right of RMI citizens to migrate to the United States and its territories.

Republic of Palau

Palau has a constitutional government in free association with the United States. The Compact of Free Association was entered into with the United States on October 1, 1994, also marking Palau's independence.

Territory of American Samoa

American Samoa, an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States, is administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior. It is unincorporated because not all provisions of the U.S. Constitution apply to the territory. Instead, Congress gave plenary authority over the territory to the Secretary of the Interior, who in turn allowed American Samoans to draft their own constitution under which their government functions.

Territory of Guam

Guam is an unincorporated, organized territory of the United States. It is "unincorporated" because not all provisions of the U.S. Constitution apply to the territory. The Guam Organic Act currently provides a republican form of government with locally elected executive and legislative branches and an appointed judicial branch.

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)

In 1976, Congress approved the mutually negotiated Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) in Political Union with the United States. The covenant was fully implemented on November 3, 1986, which conferred United States citizenship on legally qualified CNMI residents. On December 22, 1990, the Security Council of the United Nations terminated the TTPI. Federal law applies to CNMI; however, the CNMI is outside the customs territory of the United States and the income tax system is locally determined.

Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)

The FSM became a sovereign nation in 1986 and entered into a special strategic and economic agreement, the Compact of Free Association, with the United States. Under the compact, the United States retains exclusive access to the FSM’s territorial waters for civilian and military objectives in return for economic and financial aid. The United States is also responsible for the defense of the FSM.

Sources

General data sources

CIA - The World Factbook
DOI Office of Insular Affairs

Data sources for U.S. states, Territory of American Samoa, Territory of Guam, and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands:

A. Total population

1. U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2010: Demographic Area Profiles. [Series: DP-1] Retrieved at http://factfinder2.census.gov

2. U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2010: Island Areas (tables). Retrieved at http://2010.census.gov

B. Number of schools

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools From the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10 - First Look. Retrieved at http://nces.ed.gov

C. Number of students

For Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and CNMI: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools From the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10 - First Look. Retrieved at http://nces.ed.gov

For Guam: Guam Public School System, Annual State of Public Education Report, SY 2009-2010. Retrieved at https://sites.google.com

For American Samoa: American Samoa Territorial Report Card, SY 2009-10. Retrieved at http://doe.edlioschool.com

Data sources for Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Republic of Palau

A. Total population

CIA World FactBook. (July 2011 est.) Retrieved Dec 2011 at http://www.cia.gov

B. Number of schools and students

PREL Pacific Service Region online profiles. Retrieved Dec 2011 at http://www.prel.org