6+1 Trait Writing

Education Northwest developed the 6+1 Trait Writing Model of Instruction & Assessment to help educators provide clear, consistent, and evidence-based feedback on student writing. Many schools and districts are beginning to emphasize students’ writing skills across the curriculum. This makes it even more essential that all staff members use a common terminology and common strategies to provide feedback. We offer a broad range of training, technical assistance, and resources, including free starter materials such as rubrics and Common Core crosswalks.



Our most experienced facilitators provide direct classroom modeling, observations, and other coaching and support to guarantee the highest level of 6+1 Trait Writing implementation throughout a building or district. These coaching and modeling services provide on-the-ground teaching experiences for staff and can be instrumental in ensuring deep and thoughtful use of the model. With this support, we can also help you integrate existing curricula and approaches with 6+1 Trait Writing.


Want to train your team on the traits? We can provide on-site, customized professional development for teachers at all levels of experience with the traits. All our workshops can be delivered across grade levels and customized for classroom, special education, and English language teachers; literacy coaches and trainers; curriculum specialists; and school and district administrators.
More on workshops...


Rating student papers is an essential job that requires both time and expertise in the traits. Education Northwest’s paper-scoring service allows your teachers to focus on instruction without getting buried in paperwork. Our expert raters are available to score batches of student papers for your school using the 6+1 Trait Writing model. These scored samples can be used for assessment and as a tool to increase teachers’ and students’ understanding of the traits.

Improving Student Writing for Diverse Learners


6+1 Trait Research

Writing skills are important for an increasing number of jobs. Poor writing skills are a barrier to hiring and promotion for many individuals, and remediation of problems with writing imposes significant operational and training costs on public and private organizations. Writing is also important for the development of reading skills and can improve learning in other academic content areas. In response to the perceived neglect of writing in United States education, the National Commission on Writing proposed a set of recommendations for making writing a central element in school reform efforts.

Portrait of Jacqueline Raphael

Jacqueline Raphael
Practice Expert

Jacqueline manages the 6+1 Trait® Writing program at Education Northwest and serves as a lead on several school and district improvement projects. Writing is very much a part of her life outside of work, too: She spends her spare time writing fiction and poetry.